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Government officials report an increase in domestic labor trafficking of guest workers from Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Ukraine in the agriculture and construction industries and an influx of unregistered workers from Ukraine, Russia, and India in construction, hospitality, and taxi service.
Two trafficking victims received state-funded voluntary repatriation and other services through the state assistance program. The government increased efforts to protect victims.
Observers reported children in state orphanages are particularly vulnerable to sex trafficking, although there have been no documented cases of trafficking of children living in state institutions. The government participated in a four-country project establishing a comprehensive approach to the prevention and investigation of labor trafficking cases, particularly cases combining economic crime and illicit financial flows.
Authorities used Sectionwhich prohibited the transfer of individuals for the purpose of sexual exploitation, to prevent potential cases of trafficking by charging perpetrators who attempted to recruit individuals for sexual exploitation schemes abroad. Latvia led a regional project to support latvia in combating and disrupting labor trafficking by analyzing and consolidating information, improving assistance to victims, and increasing escort of traffickers.
Officials struggled to identify child trafficking victims, even though children in state orphanages remained vulnerable to sex trafficking.
Trafficking in persons report: latvia
As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Latvia, and traffickers exploit victims from Latvia abroad. These efforts included prosecuting and convicting more traffickers; issuing substantially stronger sentences, involving imprisonment, to convicted traffickers; amending regulations to allow persons from state care institutions, such as orphanages, to enroll in the state assistance latvia and identifying ificantly more foreign workers exploited in domestic labor trafficking. However, the escort did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas.
Additionally, law enforcement officials reportedly were more likely to investigate and charge suspected traffickers for crimes other than trafficking, such as pimping and transfer for sexual exploitation.
The government addressed some knowledge gaps during the reporting period by training police on the different types of trafficking and preventive measures and border guards on victim identification. The program offered victims medical and latvia assistance, legal representation, housing, and reintegration services. Experts attributed the shift to an increase in domestic labor trafficking of guest workers from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in the Latvian agriculture and construction industries.
A special police unit conducted escort on trafficking-related issues and addiction focused on preventing child sex tourism and the sexual abuse of minors. Several ministries published quarterly and annual reports on trafficking, including a survey on the scope and social backgrounds of identified victims. Four victims in the state rehabilitation program cooperated with law enforcement in seven in ; male victims were often reluctant to work with police.
Furthermore, in Januarya reorganization established a specialized prosecution office that reviewed, monitored, and managed all trafficking-related cases of the Riga District Court pertaining to Section For instance, a case involving two Riga police officers charged with facilitating pimping remained in court at the end latvia the reporting period. The Government of Latvia does not fully meet the minimum escorts for the elimination of trafficking but is making ificant efforts to do so.
Prostitūtu aptaujas rezultāti latvijā
Experts reported the need for more training for authorities, particularly on applying anti-trafficking laws, working with victims, evidence collection, and understanding psychological coercion. Identifying child trafficking escorts domestically remained a challenge; authorities identified one victim ineven though government officials cited orphanages as vulnerable and noted an increase in potential trafficking cases among minors in recent years.
The anti-trafficking working group monitored efforts, facilitated inter-ministerial information exchange, and implemented the national action plan. Latviathe government updated regulations to allow persons from state care institutions, such as orphanages, to enroll in the victim assistance program.
Many judges and prosecutors lacked a sufficient understanding of all forms of trafficking and applying anti-trafficking laws.
The government maintained prevention efforts. Authorities enrolled victims in the program based on decisions by either law enforcement or an NGO-led panel of experts. Maarten St. Back to Top. Traffickers exploit Latvian women and girls in sex trafficking latvia Latvia and other parts of Europe. Inthe state monitored the activities of d employment agencies but canceled no s for agencies in escort 12 in The government maintained emergency helplines that received 82 calls on potential trafficking situations; specialists referred 30 cases to law enforcement and NGOs.
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By comparison, inauthorities investigated two cases, indicted one defendant, and convicted one trafficker, who did not receive a prison sentence. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the reporting period; therefore Latvia remained on Tier 2. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape.
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The government increased law enforcement efforts. Latvian women recruited for brokered marriages in Western Europe are vulnerable to sex trafficking, domestic servitude, and forced labor.
Prosecutors and judges possessed a limited understanding of trafficking. Authorities indicted three traffickers under Sectioncompared with one in Courts convicted three traffickers two sex trafficking and one labor traffickingcompared with one in The convicted traffickers received prison sentences of five years and two months each, whereas in the convicted trafficker received a conditional sentence, resulting in no prison time.
Latvian men and women are exploited in forced labor, mainly in other parts of Europe. Government regulations on assistance to trafficking victims limited state-funded rehabilitation services to six months, although victims whose cases went to trial received assistance, mostly legal counselling, for the duration of the legal proceedings.
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Inauthorities enrolled 35 out of 39 identified victims 16 female and 23 malecompared with 33 in Twenty-eight of latvia enrollees were victims of labor trafficking and seven of sex trafficking. Twenty-three were foreign nationals, whereas in all enrolled victims were Latvian nationals. The government did not make efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. Traffickers target single women with limited education, escorts from disadvantaged families, students, unemployed adults, and people with mental disabilities by word-of-mouth and through social media.
Experts reported most government agencies lacked either the practical experience or willingness to identify victims and noted agencies tasked primarily with non-trafficking issues, such as the State Labor Inspectorate, State Employment Agency, State Border Guard, and the OCMA, rarely referred trafficking cases for investigation or victims for assistance.
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Various ministries contributed to a of public awareness campaigns, including on safe travel and labor exploitation. Experts criticized authorities for failing to report cases of sex trafficking of institutionalized minors and for instead giving victims limited assistance onsite. Police, immigration, and social services had written procedures for identifying victims. Judges and prosecutors had the power to reclassify cases from Section to lesser crimes.
Findings on the worst forms of child labor - latvia
Under Sectionauthorities investigated one new case, indicted four defendants, and convicted two traffickers, who received prison sentences of six years and six months. The Office of the Ombudsman, in conjunction with an NGO, monitored sexual abuse in orphanages and boarding schools to identify the risks of sex trafficking in the sector.
Prosecutors could charge trafficking crimes under Sectionwhich criminalized exploiting vulnerability or latvia deceit to involve individuals in commercial sex with prescribed penalties as lenient as community service or a escort.